Concussion is a topic that affects everyone in sport in some way whether you are a coach, athlete, trainer, physician, or director. A concussion is more than just a headache or a temporary loss of cognitive ability. It’s an injury that is invisible and destructive if not handled properly. With the amount of concussion resources available online, it can be difficult to find the best and most current information that will be useful for you and your organization. That is why SIRC has compiled resources on how to identify a concussion, when to send an athlete back on the field, how to help a concussed child that's returning to school as well as some practical tools for sport professionals.
Concussions in sport are a recognized public health problem because of their frequency of occurrence and their potential short- and long-term consequences. Based on scientific evidence from the 5th International Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport, and developed with Parachute’s Expert Advisory Concussion Subcommittee, the comprehensive Canadian Guideline creates the foundation for a more consistent approach to concussion across the country, which will allow participants to play safer and continue training, competing, and enjoying a full, active life.
- Canadian Guideline for Concussion in Sport
- Canadian Harmonized Concussion Protocol (Template)
- Checklist - Harmonized Concussion Protocol
- Sport-Specific Return-to-Sport Strategy Adaptation Tool
- Canadian Sport Concussion Pathway
- Pre-Season Concussion Education Sheet
- Medical Assessment Letter
- Medical Clearance Letter
Additional Tools for Sport Professionals:
Child-Sport Concussion Assessment Tool - 5th Edition (Child-SCAT5)
Concussion Management Protocol (Quebec)
Concussion Ed (App)
Making Head Way – Concussion eLearning Series (Coaching Association of Canada)
We Can Do Better: Governor General’s Conference on Concussions in Sport
The Governor General’s Conference on Concussions in Sport: We Can Do Better was held on December 6, 2016. The conference was comprised of 4 panel sessions and one keynote speech by the Honourable Mr. Ken Dryden.
CPAC Broadcast of the conference and panels
The Federal-Provincial/Territorial Working Group on Concussion in Sport
The F-P/T Workgroup was created in 2015, co-chaired by Sport Canada and the Government of Quebec, and is comprised of:
- The Federal-Provincial/Territorial governments (Alberta, British-Columbia, Northwest Territories, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, Sport Canada, and The Public Health Agency of Canada)
- The national sport sector (The Coaching Association of Canada, Hockey Canada, the Canadian Soccer Association, the Summer Sports Caucus, the Winter Sports Caucus)
- The health sector (The Canadian Concussion Collaborative, Parachute, the Canadian Physiotherapy Association, the Canadian Athletic Therapists Association)
- The education sector (The Pan-Canadian Joint Consortium for School Health)
We know that one of the key challenges in addressing concussions in Canada is the lack of harmonization amongst all the existing tools, protocols, etc. Last year, in order to establish a common foundation from which to continue its work, the Workgroup developed the following harmonized approach:
This approach was endorsed by all Ministers for Sport, Physical Activity and Recreation across the country at their Conference in June 2016.
Experts have indicated that these are the components (Awareness, Prevention, Detection, Management, and Surveillance) that need to be addressed in order to tackle concussions in sport.
Recent research has made it clear that a concussion can have a significant impact on an individual’s health and well-being. In fact, research shows that activities that require concentration can actually cause concussion symptoms to reappear or worsen. Awareness of the signs and symptoms of concussion and knowledge of how to properly manage a concussion is critical to recovery. It is critical that someone with a suspected concussion be examined by a medical doctor or nurse practitioner immediately. ... Read more »
Concussion is perhaps the most puzzling and mismanaged neurological condition described in the sports medicine literature. While identifying and diagnosing the injury can be quite challenging, the greatest mystery lies in the pathophysiology and the brain’s nonsystematic course of recovery. Concussive injuries are common and comprise nearly 10% of all athletic injuries. ... Read more »
Each year hundreds of thousands of K-12 students sustain a concussion as a result of a fall, motor-vehicle crash, collision on the playground or sports field, or other activity. Most will recover quickly and fully. However, knowledge of a concussion’s potential effects on a student, and appropriate management of the return-to-school process, is critical for helping students recover from a concussion. ... Read more »
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