Harmonization will ensure concussion protocols are consistent across the country and are aligned with the best available research. This alignment will helps to ensure that, while concussion protocols can be individualized, each concussion plan and protocol will follow the same core principles.
Leading Canadian Research
Below is a list of research papers, which explore several topics related to concussion assessment, management and prevention. All studies included within this list were authored (or co-authored) by Canadian researchers or practitioners within the last 5 years. For more references to explore consider looking at the reference lists within our concussion literature reviews or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Efficacy of Melatonin for sleep disturbance in children with persistent post-concussion symptoms: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.
Barlow, K. M., Kirk, V., Brooks, B., Esser, M. J., Yeates, K. O., Zemek, R., Kirton, A., Mikrogianakis, A., MacMaster, F., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Hutchinson, J., Turley, B., Cameron, C., Hill, M., Boyd, R. & Dewey, D. 2021
Psychological aspects of sport-related concussion: An evidence-based position paper.
Bloom, G. A., Trbovich, A. M., Caron, J. G., & Kontos, A. P.
Mouthguard use in youth ice hockey and the risk of concussion: Nested case–control study of 315 cases.
Chisholm, D. A., Black, A. M., Palacios-Derflingher, L., Eliason, P. H., Schneider, K. J., Emery, C. A., & Hagel, B. E.
Brain function associated with reaction time after sport-related concussion.
Churchill, N. W., Hutchison, M. G., Graham, S. J., & Schweizer, T. A.
Diagnosing and managing paediatric concussion: Key recommendations for general paediatricians and family doctors.
Dawson, J., Reed, N., Bauman, S., Seguin, R., & Zemek, R.
Early targeted heart rate aerobic exercise for sport-related concussion.
Emery, C. A., & Smirl, J.
Body checking in non-elite adolescent ice hockey leagues: It is never too late for policy change aiming to protect the health of adolescents.
Emery, C.A., Eliason, P., Warriyar, V., Palacios-Derflingher, L., Black, A.M., Krolikowski, M., Spencer, N., Sick, S., Kozak, S., Schneider, K.J., & Babul, S.
Mood-related changes in children and adolescents with persistent concussion symptoms following a six-week active rehabilitation program.
Greenspoon, D., Gauvin-Lepage, J., Gagnon, I., Reed, N., & Scratch, S.
Concussion in Para sport.
Kissick, J., & Webborn, N.
Early targeted heart rate aerobic exercise versus placebo stretching for sport-related concussion in adolescents: A randomised controlled trial.
Leddy, J.J., Master, C.L., Mannix, R., Wiebe, D. J., Grady, M. F., Meehan, W.P., Storey, E.P., Vernau, B.T., Brown, N.J., Hunt, D., Mohammed, F., Mallon, A., Rownd, K., Arbogast, K.B., Cunningham, A., Haider, M.N., Mayer, A.R. & Willer, B. S.
Is early activity resumption after paediatric concussion safe and does it reduce symptom burden at 2 weeks post injury? The Pediatric Concussion Assessment of Rest and Exertion (PedCARE) multicentre randomised clinical trial.
Ledoux, A. A., Barrowman, N., Bijelić, V., Borghese, M. M., Davis, A., Reid, S., Sangha, G., Yeates, K.O., Tremblay, M.S., McGahern C., Belanger, K., Barnes, J.D., Farion, K.J., DeMatteo, C.A., Reed, N., & Zemek, R.
324 Lifetime prevalence and one-year incidence of sport-related concussion in adolescents.
McCallum, J., Emery, C., Eliason, P.H., Schneider, K., & Black, A.M.
Sex & gender considerations in concussion research.
Mollayeva, T., El-Khechen-Richandi, G., & Colantonio, A.
Delayed symptom onset following pediatric sport-related concussion.
Olson, A., Ellis, M. J., Selci, E., & Russell, K.
Under-reporting of sport-related concussions by adolescent athletes: A systematic review.
Pennock, K.F., McKenzie, B., Steacy, L.M., & Mainwaring, L.
Examining how time from sport-related concussion to initial assessment predicts return-to-play clearance.
Pratile, T., Marshall, C., & DeMatteo, C.
Primary prevention of sport-related concussion in youth ice hockey: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
Schneider, K., Eliason, P., van Rassel, C., Sick, S., Miurz, L., Schneider, G., & Emery, C.
Adapting the dynamic, recursive model of sport injury to concussion: An individualized approach to concussion prevention, detection, assessment, and treatment.
Schneider, K.J., Emery, C.A., Black, A., Yeates, K.O., Debert, C.T., Lun, V., & Meeuwisse, W.H.
Injuries and concussions in female high school rugby: Prevention is worth a try.
Shill, I. J., West, S. W., Sick, S., Schneider, K., Hagel, B. E., Pasanen, K., Wiley, J. P., Emery, C. A., & Black, A. M.
Sensitivity and specificity of a multimodal approach for concussion assessment in youth athletes.
Toong, T., Wilson, K. E., Hunt, A. W., Scratch, S., DeMatteo, C., & Reed, N.
Sex-based differences in symptoms with mouthguard use following pediatric sport-related concussion.
van Ierssel, J., Ledoux, A. A., Tang, K., & Zemek, R.
What is the risk of recurrent concussion in children and adolescents aged 5–18 years? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
van Ierssel, J., Osmond, M., Hamid, J., Sampson, M., & Zemek, R.
Changing the Game with Data
Concussions in High Performance Sport
Suzanne Leclerc MD, Ph.D. Dip. Med. Sport, Chief Medical Officer, Institut national du sport du Québec
Sex and Gender Differences in Concussions
Reema Shafi, PhD, OT Reg. (Ont.), University of Toronto
Peer-to-Peer Education Model in Sport and Special Olympics Collaboration
Nick Reed, PhD, MScOT, OT Reg. (Ont.), University of Toronto
Concussion Care without Borders
Michael Ellis BSc, MD, FRCSC, University of Manitoba
Last updated on May 2, 2022